2010-07-19 Life, the Universe and Everything

A clip from ABC TV’s Catalyst science program about the creation of the ultimate Mammalian family tree. Is evolution finally proved?

The Mammalian family tree PDF can be downloaded here

Strong evidence for evolution are the 19,000+ Endogenous Retroviruses found in exactly the same positions in human & chimp DNA. As the video (below) points out, the only way this could have occurred is if we shared a common ancestor.

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2010-07-18 Life, the Universe and Everything

I saw an interesting show on NITV via Optus Sat the other night. It was so good I looked around on the net for it. Unfortunately I wasn’t able to locate the complete thing. But I was able to find a trailer for it.

Geoffrey Robertson’s Hypothetical, Closing The Gap from NITV video on Vimeo.

Everyone I have asked recently.. claims to have never heard of the ‘Hypothetical’ TV show.. Funny cos I thought everyone had experienced Geoffrey Robertson’s magic at some stage.

‘Closing The Gap’ is a typical ‘Hypothetical’. This particular edition highlights differences and similarities, that both White and Aboriginal Australians should be making it their business to know about each other.

It is interesting to observe the attitudes and responses of the various players. Geoffrey Robertson controls the participants with ease. Always funny to see the ‘People of Power’ so easily confounded by Geoffrey Robertson’s unique wit.

I hope you enjoy the sample as much as I enjoyed the whole show.. wink

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2010-07-12 Life, the Universe and Everything

I took the plunge and purchased a Kodak z650 camera from ebay. I was lucky enough to get one for $83, “in the box” with all cords and original paperwork. (receipt) etc..

The z650 is a 6.1 megapixal with 10 x zoom. It can handle up to iso 800 (in 1.7 megapixel mode).. So very low light images are possible. However this unit doesn’t have the anti-shake technology of later cameras. So a high shutter speed in high light (or a tripod..) is mostly required.


“Verdict: The Kodak Easyshare Z650 is a fairly solid option. Its ease of use makes it a good choice for anyone who is relatively new to photography and is looking for a camera with manual exposure controls and a long zoom lens.”

Sounds perfect! :)

This camera will allow me to contribute far better quality images to these pages in future.

A picture tells 1000 words.. (So they say..) Some examples from the Kodak z650 (without a tripod..)

Zoom in on Image

Zoom in on Image

Zoom in on Image

Zoom in on Image

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2010-06-10 Life, the Universe and Everything

iDigital RM-810 Universal Remote Control

Manually Search for Codes

  • 1 Turn on the power switch of the household appliance to be controlled. (EG TV set, VCR) Aim at the unit with the Remote Control.
  • 2 Press and hold the “SET” key, abd then press the “TYPE SELECTION” key. If you want to set your first TV set, for example, Press “SET” + “TV1”
  • 3 After the indicator light illuminates. Release the two keys simultaneously.
  • 4 Press “SET” key again. Indicator flashes.
  • 5 Press the “POWER” button repeatedly until you have turned off/on the machine you want remotely controlled. and then press the same “TYPE SELECT” button that you pressed in step 2.
  • 6 Turn on the home appliance, check if other keys on the remote control work normally. If yes, It indicates that your setting is successful. If No, Then repeat steps 2-6 until a code suitable for the equipment is found.

Note: Press the “TYPE SELECTION” key to exit automatic search state, and then indicator light will turn off

Automatic Code Search

  • 1 Turn on the controlled electronic appliance, and hold the Remote Controller to aim at the receiving point of the appliance.
  • 2 Press the “TYPE SELECTION” key. Indicator will flash once.
  • 3 Press and hold the “SET” key and the “POWER” key. Hold both keys down for more than 5 seconds. The indicator light will stay on.
  • 4 Release the two keys. The indicator light now flashes constantly.
  • 5 The RM-810 is now in automatic search mode. The RM-810 will continue to try different codes. Eventually the device to be controlled will turn off. This indicates that the RM-810 has found a code that works on your device.
  • 6 Press “ANY KEY” within 1.5 seconds (of the device responding) to select that code.
  • 7 Check whether operation of other buttons is at normal state. If so your setting is successfully accomplished. Otherwise repeat steps 2-6 avoiding previous failed attempts.

Note: After trying all codes the RM-810 will stop after 30 seconds. The indicator light will go out.

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2010-05-30 Life, the Universe and Everything

KGR6 Multi-purpose 4 in 1 Remote Control

MODE B: The Manual Codes Searching Method.

  • 1. Switch on your device manually. Place the KGR6 directly in front of your appliance. ie: your television.
  • 2. Press the Relevant device key; ie: TV on the KGR6 until the LED is switched on. Note: when a device key is selected the LED will dim and then light up again.
  • 3. Press and hold the VOL+ and the CH^ buttons together until the LED flashes twice and then remains lit.
  • 4. Press the power button continiously until the device turns off. Release the button to stop searching. The LED flashes.
  • 5. Check the buttons on the remote control to see wheather they control your appliance correctly. If they do not work properly, you may not have found the right code. Repeat steps 2-5 until the KGR6 works effectively.

Note: TV 1000-1924, VCR 2000-2298, SAT 3000-3676, DVD 4000-4268

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2010-05-27 Life, the Universe and Everything

Cause this is a THRILLER

Memorable moments guaranteed to thrill you, from the exciting up-tempo electro – funk ‘Billie Jean’, to the soft, soulful ballad of ‘Human Nature’ and internationally hearted ‘Wanna Be Startin’ Somethin’’. Michael Jackson first confided to his manager, John Branca, that he wanted to be “the biggest star in show business” after Thriller’s predecessor Off the Wall, although successful in its own right, did not reach expectations. However the success of Thriller has been so unthinkable, even by Jackson’s perfectionist standards.

Pre-eminent pop icon Michael Jackson is renowned for much more than just his vocal abilities; he was considered an incomparable songwriter, dancer, actor, choreographer, poet, businessman, philanthropist, and record producer. Jackson debuted as the lead singer of the Jackson 5 in 1964 and began his solo career in 1971, resulting in ten studio albums. Thriller was Michael Jackson’s sixth studio album, so what made this one so enthralling and innovative to the populace of the eighties and beyond?
Jackson was inspired to create an album whereby “every song was a killer” as with Tchaikovsky’s The Nutcracker, he developed Thriller on a similar concept. The amalgamation of irresistible melodies and charismatic lyrics infuse an infectious confidence, showcasing Jackson’s considerable composing talent. “All the brilliance that had been building inside Michael for twenty-four years just erupted” as explained by J. Randy Taraborrelli in Jackson’s unofficial biography, Michael Jackson: The Man & the Madness. Jackson exploits thematic sound effects, supernatural imagery and vocal trickery to express a pragmatic sense of danger and excitement throughout Thriller.

The single ‘Thriller’ from the album with the identical name, exposes the horror essentials; additionally it features a voice-over rap by the master of the macabre, Vincent Price. The inventiveness of the creaking door in the beginning establishes the mood which is consistent in the remainder of the track. Although these ordinary sounds are not considered melodious, they formulate a theme for the track
Above Image: Michael Jackson, 'Thriller' Album Cover (1982)

namely footsteps on wooden floorboards, thunder, wind and howling dogs which. Undeniably Jackson’s signature ‘vocal hiccup’ had been well defined by Thriller. This can be heard particularly in ‘Billie Jean’ along with the idiosyncratic bass line and addictive beat. It is the ultimate pop dance tune, challenging you to take to the dance floor. Few people realise the originality of ‘Beat it’ and how out of character it was for Jackson do a cross-over rock piece at this stage of his musical career. ‘Beat it’ expresses the dislike of unnecessary violence in society; the lyrics depict ordeals of courage and defeat with a complimenting rock tune to suit. These were arguably the most memorable songs of Jackson’s entire career.

Even Thriller’s less significant songs have their quirks and charms. The creativity shown in ‘Wanna be Startin’ Somethin’’ is unmatched to date, with
imaginative lyrics primarily in the chorus “…you’re a vegetable/you’re a vegetable/they’ll eat off you...” shuffling percussion, and Swahili chant. Revolutionary lyrics of ‘Wanna be Startin’ Somethin’’ are a complicated arrangement of

Above Image: Michael Jackson at the Grammys, with producer Quincy Jones. (1984)

colliding hooks and pop melodies, which create a claustrophobic atmosphere. On the other hand this is surprisingly pleasant and refreshing due to the rarity in contemporary songs. ‘PYT (Pretty Young Thing)’ echoes the disco era of the seventies, nevertheless corresponds with the evolving funk and dance characteristics of the eighties. ‘Human Nature’ was the most notable ballad on the album because of its moody, introspective lyrics and the
overall tone of the track. However ‘Lady in My Life’ is definitely not one to be disregarded. Although the sultry ballad begins slowly, the tempo soon increases as the smooth soulful temperament introduces a different genre dimension to the album. The Beatles’ legend Paul McCartney is featured in the pop duet ‘The Girl is Mine’. This provides the ideal vocal and composing arrangement to create a thriving track. The track entails Jackson and McCartney arguing over a girl, layered on top of a smooth tune that appeases the soul.

Thriller substantiated Jackson’s independence from his family and the Jackson 5. This was obvious as in the 1980’s for an African-American artist to that point, his success was unprecedented. As a result, in 2005 Thriller was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, deemed “culturally significant”. Time compared Jackson to the successes of The Beatles and Elvis Presley, “Jackson is the biggest selling thing since The Beatles. He is the hottest single phenomenon since Elvis Presley. He just may be the most popular black artist ever”.

People too often disregard Jackson’s abilities as a songwriter and gifted vocalist but this became unquestionable following the triumph of Thriller. Rolling Stone compared his vocals to the “breathless, dreamy stutter” of Stevie Wonder.

Thriller indeed earned the title of bestselling album of all time, just
over a year after its release in 1982. This ground-breaking record still stands at present with an estimated one hundred million copies sold worldwide. Biographer J.Randy Taraborrelli divulges “at some point Thriller stopped selling like a leisure item; like a magazine, a toy, or tickets to hit a movie, and started selling like a household staple.” Seven of nine tracks of Thriller positioned within the top ten in the music charts. The album won a record breaking eight Grammy awards at the 1984, including the prestigious award of album of the year. The same year it won eight American music awards. In 2009 Thriller was certified 29x multi –platinum by the recording association of America and 15x platinum in Australia.

As an indication of albums longevity, in 2003 Thriller was ranked number 20 on Rolling Stone’s 500 greatest albums of all time. Jackson’s evolution as an artist was far from complete after Thriller, as he continued to expand and push the limits of R&B pop music, soon earning the title “King of Pop”. Though the various genres means Thriller is a combination of songs with no common theme, it appeals to all tastes. “Thriller was the perfect album, every song an exercise in pop music production, every arrangement, every note in perfect place..” declares J. Randy Taraborelli. While most pop music from 1982 is outdated by today’s music standards, the tracks from Thriller are as fun and fresh thirty years later and just as compelling.

Written by Sarah Conron

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2010-05-18 Life, the Universe and Everything

A Magnetic Field Applied to the Brain Can Alter People’s Sense of Morality

Perfect for brainwashing an evil clone army By Clay Dillow

Posted 03.30.2010 at 1:38 pm

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Transcranial magnetic stimulation can impair the brain’s ability to make moral decisions based on another person’s intentions. Moral judgments often have less to do with outcome and more to do with intention. Take murder, for instance: The U.S. legal system makes distinctions between a crime committed in the heat of the moment and one that is planned ahead of time. But moral judgments may not be as sacrosanct as we believe: MIT scientists have shown that they can alter our moral judgments simply by magnetically interfering with a certain part of the brain.

Studies have shown that the right temporo-parietal junction (TPJ) lights up with activity when we engage in moral judgments like evaluating the intentions of another person, indicating the region is important to making moral decisions. But while we like to think we’re very consistent in our morality, the MIT team showed that an electromagnetic field applied to the scalp impairs our ability to evaluate the intentions of others, leaving us with little by which to hand down a moral judgment.

The study relied on non-invasive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to interfere with the right TPJ, temporarily impeding the normal firing of neurons in that region. In one experiment participants were exposed to TMS for nearly half an hour then asked to complete a quiz in which they had to judge characters’ actions based on their intentions. In a second test, subjects were hit with a 500-millisecond burst of TMS just as they were evaluating a moral problem.

In both cases, control subjects were able to evaluate the harmfulness and morality of characters’ intentions, whereas those exposed to TMS made judgments based purely on outcome. For example, one common question asked whether or not it was morally permissible for a man to allow his girlfriend to cross a bridge he knows is unsafe, even if in the end she makes it across safely. Control subjects found the intention to do harm morally impermissible, but those exposed to TMS largely based their judgment solely on the outcome; no harm, no foul.

The study not only shows that our morals aren’t exactly incorruptible, but also sheds light on the way the brain organizes and compartmentalizes moral decision making. It also reinforces something we all know intuitively to be true: finding the difference between right and wrong is rarely as simple as it sounds.


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2010-03-18 Life, the Universe and Everything

Stage 2 English ‘Dracula’ by Sarah

How can the Western ideas, values and beliefs of science compare against the Eastern superstitions presented in the novel, ‘Dracula’?

“We are in Transylvania, and Transylvania is not England. Our ways are not your ways, and there shall be to you many strange things.”

‘Dracula’ was written in 1897 by Bram Stoker. It became a popularized epistolary novel after exposing vampirism in Europe with particular emphasis of its impact on human society.

Western ideas, values and beliefs of science, and Eastern European superstitions are the basis of ‘Dracula’. Contributing elements include historical background of science and century old superstition of Eastern Europe. The advancement of technology in Western Europe compared to lack of technology in Eastern Europe. The progression of medicine in Western Europe.

Those unfortunate enough to encounter Dracula ultimately decide their fate based on their personal beliefs in either science or superstition, depending on their origin, East or West.


Christianity had dictated “moral” society for hundreds of years but along with folklore and superstition it was being rejected for western beliefs in science, predominantly in the 19th century. These Western beliefs of science were a contributing factor to the ill-fated events followed in the 19th century novel, ‘Dracula’.

The Western European characters of ‘Dracula’ believed only in the conventional proof that science provided. This added to their reluctance to defy their morals and believe in mythical creatures science could not prove such as vampires.

Dr. Seward is a good example of this with his study of RM Renfield. Renfield is under strict examination as an assumed psychotic patient. After intensive observation Dr Seward labels Renfield’s condition as “zoophagous” meaning psychotic. Being unaware of superstition due to the closed Eastern European fixation he was not able to diagnose Renfield’s symptoms of vampirism.

Interestingly, Renfield becomes infatuated by Mina and makes a desperate attempt to kill her attacker, Dracula, by luring him into his cell but instead loses his own life. One could argue in Catholic analogy a possible solution to blood-lust is self-sacrifice, which could be assumed from Renfield’s death.

Jonathan Harker is another example of the closed scientific mindset. He is not able to recognize Dracula’s true identity as a vampire, dismissing his experiences as imagination.

Religion, Books and schooling of Eastern European characters actually increased their vulnerability to Dracula. ‘Dracula’ illustrates the importance of trusting multiple types of information even those perceived as irrational.

One can see that the changing belief in science rather than superstition and religion has proved to be an inconvenience to the characters of ‘Dracula’ in recognizing vampirism.

On the other hand, the substantial belief of superstition in Eastern Europe is essential in defeating Dracula. There are similarities between superstition and religion; faith. However believe in science and be skeptical of such superstitions, for example Professor Van Helsing.

“Faith certainly tells us what the senses do not, but not the contrary of what they see; it is above, not against them”.

Vampirism had appeared throughout Eastern Europe in the late 17th century and soon evolved agitation and obsession with vampires. Belief in superstitions, vampires in particular gained control in large accumulations of people. Vampires became reality in their eyes; there were reported sightings and antidotes for vampirism.

“Bodies believed to be suicide victims or those who died at the gallows were often buried at crossroads to confuse their restless souls”.

If not for the superstitious knowledge Professor Van Helsing possessed on using crucifixes, wooden stakes and garlic to kill vampires, defeating Dracula would have been without doubt, unachievable.


The Victorian Era was a time of astonishing scientific and technological discovery consequently beginning the revolution of dependence on science rather than familiarity. Almost every Western character in ‘Dracula’ is completely fanatical with the technological advancement of the era, a number effectively fail to remember daily life previous to its inventions. Dr Seward becomes so dependent on technology he utters

“ write a diary with a pen is irksome to me”.

He also relies heavily on his phonograph to keep his diary and telegraphs to maintain communication. Technology is an element that distinguishes the West from the primitivism of the East.

Although through relying on science western Europeans were intelligent, this blocked the truth; the superstition of vampires. There is a similarity with the absence of technology, without technology how distinguishable is the West from the East? Western Europeans devoted all their faith in modernity and technological progression. Mass hysteria would be fashioned in Western Europe if it were suddenly plagued by vampires despite their technologically advanced society.

Although the East can be described as almost “primitive” with technology, faith in superstition is all that can be relied upon, and in ‘Dracula’ this was essential. ‘Dracula’ illustrated that despite petty instruments of knowledge such as technology, would not render Western Europe as invincible. Technology ultimately played a minimal role in defeating Dracula.


The progression of medicine arrived with the advancement of technology in the 19th century. Medicine was an element carried throughout ‘Dracula’ by Dr Seward. Dr Seward confirms the consequences of an inexperienced, arrogant doctor who places all his faith in modern medicine. When Lucy falls “ill” Dr Seward’s inexperience and strict scientific mindset, and medicine’s developmental stage becomes apparent.

Blood transfusions were a new medical discovery of the time, but it is clear that it had not been undoubtedly successful as testing for blood types were not indicated. Lucy is donated blood from four various men. In reality, she would have certainly died because of incompatible blood types.

While on the contrary medicine and superstition unquestionably aided the defeat of Dracula. Professor Van Helsing is the perfect amalgam of science and medicine, and superstition. A clueless Dr Seward calls upon Van Helsing for advice on Lucy’s “illness”. The bite mark on Lucy’s neck was almost immediately dismissed by Seward on the other hand Van Helsing’s superstitious mindset allowed him to identify vampirism.

Van Helsing does not expand his state of mind after the journey, as he enters a believing, religious person with profound scientific knowledge and leaves the same. While all characters in ‘Dracula’ leave with insightful belief in superstition from simply

“You must understand that seeing is believing, but also know that believing is seeing”.


Considering all the events that occurred in ‘Dracula’ one can see the differences in Western scientific and Eastern superstitious mindset contributed to the journey and consequently the outcome of ‘Dracula’.


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2010-02-28 Life, the Universe and Everything


The changing dynamic of the relationship? We are sad. We are happy. Depending on our emotional outlook, the world may look grim and bleak. Or fulfilling and bright…

Having said that..

Being made to feel like a “guest” in a house can really wear you down too I guess.

The fundamental issue here is the day to day “grind” of the relationship where both people eventually “take issue” with persceived “infractions” of territory or feelings.

How Committed?

Depending on how really committed each person is to the relationship will determine the length of time they will “run the course” or “see it through”. Because I think we all know by now that circumstances change over time. Unfortunately It seems that most issues revolve around cash.. Or the lack of it.

I have this issue as well in my current relationship. But to be honest. It seems to me that I have always had this issue in my life. No matter how much money I have earned over time. I have always lived “on edge”. (Perhaps thats the “Danger Mouse” coming out in me?..All of us?)

Heal Thyself?

One of the best things I ever did for myself was to take one of those “Myer Briggs Personality Tests”. After reading the disclaimers about having the results “explained” to you by a “trained professional”. I set out to read as much as I could on the subject and compare what I found. In this way I was able to “understand” the personality “type” I had been allocated.

One of the Free Myers Briggs Tests

I undertook quite a few different “Myers Briggs” type of tests on the net. All of them returned the same “type”. When I read the definition of my “type” I can totally and utterly relate to it. The suggestions on how to “improve” my “type” particularly annoy me. Because they are the very things that I have “issues” with. :(

I would recomend that everyone takes some of these free “tests” to determine your personality “type”. Sit down and really read and understand what “type” you and your partner are. Understand what “triggers” you and your partners insecuritys.

These tests could be used as a double edged sword depending on the kind of personalities your dealing with. Basically, the information could be used for good or evil.

One INFP says..

As a personality type “INFP” I would always suggest re-igniting the “lurve spark” back into your life. But thats probably just a male thing.. (You know how it is..) To most males.. Sex and intimacy seems to cure most minor (major?) infractions.

But without the intimacy. (Or after a few days of curt conversation) As an INFP I will internalise the anguish to the point of “giving up” on the relationship. Whereupon I eventually explode into an irrational outpouring of pure emotion. (It kinda sux to be an INFP btw)

But.. The personality tests helped me to understand “why” I feel this way. The understanding of it has allowed me to control my emotions “better”.

Relationships: Past and Present

My parents stayed together all of my life. At 52 I now understand what a monumental feat that was. Maybe they were well suited to each other. Maybe they never let the “spark of lurve” die. I really dont know the answer to that.

In 2010 the internet has made it very easy to “pick and choose” from literally thousands of people who are alone and lonely. It is too easy to “find lurve” in 2010. My parents believed they had found something “special” and so they nurtured it and never let it die. They trusted each other with everything. They never let each other down enough to “break” the bond.

Sometimes we find ourselves in situations that we find unworkable. This is where you must sit down and vocalise exactly what is annoying you. Try to remain calm. But be relentless. If the situation is indeed unworkable. Then something must change. Or you will just go back to the same and the grudge will just get bigger and bigger.

But remember…

The grass is rarely greener on the other side. Rather the devil that you know than the demon that you dont. Dont jump out of the fyingpan and into the fire. A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. etc etc etc

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2010-02-25 Life, the Universe and Everything

Sometimes little things can really get to me.

Being an INFP, I am an idealist, and as a result, find myself constantly leaping to defend my perception of “the underdog”.

My years of riding motorcycles (avoiding death by impact with car drivers/battling the endless unjust traffic fines)have impressed a somewhat militant survivalistic attitude upon my mentally.

After a few years representing a multi-national company in various customer service roles. (A job I totally enjoyed)

I now find that I can become extremely caustic with employees/politicians that I consider are performing in an inferior manner.

Mostly the poor politician/employee is just “holding the political party/company line”. But with such a rude/bored/uncaring attitude. That it leaves no doubt about the political partys/companies bad intentions toward their electorate/clients.

I always attempt to report their behaviour to their superiors. However, Politicians dont seem to have a superior to report them too. (With the possible exception of the Governor or Governor-General?) I have noticed that many of the largest of the companies have little or no interest in being notified of employees that are also unacceptable to the public.

So looks to me like the representative democtratic process and customer service have almost dissapeared in 2010.

All of the largest corporations have replaced staff with an “Electronic Interuption/Telephone Routing/Advertising/Time Waster” service. Which eventually passes you to an “offshore helpdesk sweat factory”. Where you battle with thick accents and a system where one department has no authority over another department.

After all that. If you really need to complain. You will probably find out that you will need to make a formal written application.

Even in 2010 it seems that many companies (and some politicians) still do not accept emails as a valid form of communications.

Thus forcing you to go through the whole “Post office” scenario.

If you are still sufficiently annoyed to go to the trouble of battling the system futher that is. Unfortunatly most people (myself included) seem to loose momentum at that final stage.

It becomes “too much trouble” to obtain representation/complain properly.

Well it occurs to me that these scumbags know that many people get angry. But a much lower percentage will go to all the “trouble” of writing an official letter to them.

It seems that the most vital of the Government Departments have adopted this proceedure.

Trying to make a complaint about the Police is an endless chore…

Trying to make a complaint about the Health System is the same…

Making a complaint about Centrelink is a multi-tiered maze that must be negotiated…

and getting nowhere fast…

Lets face it.. The Government Departments were designed to be this way by the politicians.

They “sit in power” and make laws according to their party accords.

If you contact your local representatives and if they or their party doesn’t agree with your opinion. You will get no representation. Even if the majority of the population did the same thing. The party politicians all stick together to force their unwanted bills into laws.

However.. As far as the politicians are concerned. A somewhat unknown option is to PETITION or email the Governor-General of your concerns..

This is especially useful when the politicians ignore the constitution regarding providing fair political representation to the electorate.

Or perhaps the politicians ramrod their “pet” policies against public opinion? (Sale of Telstra? GST? Filter the Internet?)

This is where the Governor or Governor-General should be emailed or petitioned.

Because basically the politicians by acting this way are acting against the constitutionof Australia.

If a politician fails to represent the will of the people. They are failing to perform their primary function. That is to “represent the will of the people in their electorate to parliament”. A function that they have accepted money to perform. To obtain money for a service that wasn’t performed adaquetly in my opinion is obviously quite fraudulent.

Some (many party?) politicians seem to consistantly ignore the wishes of their electorate. Under those conditions politicians have broken the law. If a politician breaks the law they can be removed by the Governor-General. (with or without the request of the voting public)


I think that more people should contact the Governor or Governor-General if they believe that they aren’t being represented fairly by their local parliamentarians.


See Also: Quentin Bryce

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